The "Because" of the "Why"
The edifying story of François Bacquet dit Lamontagne
The meeting of 1965
The descent on 6 generations
The fever of the Internet took me one Saturday evening, for evermore I presume. In this virtual world, one needs reference marks very quickly, and in this regard, although work and the fatherland have their charm, is there something best than the family?
This family quest led me to find, by chance, a quasi homonymous in Canada, the fact that he is deceased since nearly 300 years did not freeze my enthusiasm, and then, I started to tie some relations with virtual cousins.
In short, I combined my taste of technology, family and collection by creating this site.
With regard to my relationship with Bacquet dit Lamontagne, there are several assumptions:
I do not have indices allowing me to confirm one of the assumptions, but, having found Lamontagne numerous, nice and sympathetic, it seems to me that the first must be excluded!
- Most incredible: There is no relationship.
- Most banal : a Bacquet de Guyenne would have come to Picardy or vice versa, thanks to the various wars which occupied our European ancestors much.
- Prettiest : a Bacquet of Picardy having taken part in the conquest of England into 1066, would have a descendant returned in Guyenne (which was English between 1152 and 1453), from which would be descended François Bacquet dit Lamontagne which wished to rub shoulders in its turn with English friends, but this time in Canada !
François Bacquet dit Lamontagne By Gerard Lebel, C.Ss.R.
(Plaintext of the following chapter: Lebel, Gerard, C.Ss.R., " François Bacquet say Lamontagne ", Our ancestors, biographies of ancestors, volume 16, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, the Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré Review, 1989, pages 15-22.)
The son of Renaud Bacquet and Jeanne Montus had seen the sun for the first time in LaMontjoie, small locality lost in the south-west of France, today in the canton of Francescas, district of Nérac, department of the Tarn-and-Garonne. Nérac had a feudal fortress in XIe century. On his ruins, one built a castle which was used as residence to the sister of François ler, Marguerite de Valois. Powerful Romains even left vestiges of their civilization in this area.
François Bacquet was originating in a far territory , not very favourable to colonist sending in America. Towards the 18 years age, in 1663 or at the beginning of 1664, he had to serve the flags of its fatherland in a company named Poitou and controlled by the captain François de Tapie de Monteil. France had then an urgent need of valorous soldiers to defend its interests in the Antilles.
November 19 1663, Alexandre de Prouville de Tracy accepted his commission of " general lieutenant in all the extent of the lands of our obedience located in Southern and Northern America ... ". Tracy had a double mission : to dislodge the Dutchmen of the Antilles and, in Canada, to carry the war until in the hearths of Iroquois to entirely exterminate them.
Under the command of Tracy, a flotilla left La Rochelle on February 26 1664. Destination: Cayenne. It transported 650 colonists and 4 companies of infantry: de Broglie, Chambellé, Orleans and Poitou. In May 1664, Cayenne fell to the hands of the French. Then, the victories followed one another, to the greatest satisfaction of François Bacquet, known as Lamontagne.
April 25 1665, the general lieutenant and his troops left the Guadeloupe and moved towards the St. Laurent. After having lie the anchor in Percé, the vanguard arrived to Quebec on June 30. Several soldiers were hospitalized. The authorities concluded that it was necessary to give rest for the tired or sick troupiers, to trace paths, to build forts, before the punitive expedition issued for the following year.
The soldiers of Tracy and those of the regiment of Carignan were joined together under only one command. September 14 1666, Tracy and the largest part of the army went towards the country of Agniers beyond the lake Champlain. The enemies had flown away like birds. They should be satisfied with the destruction of the villages and harvests. This mitigated victory had succeeded in terrifying Iroquois, but not overcoming them.
It was, in 1668, the general demobilization, the dismantling of the regiment and the return in France of a great number of soldiers.
One then drew up the " roll " of those which remained with the country. Here we discover the called Lamontagne of the company of Monteil. This list was made public initially by Benjamin Sulte, then by Francis-J. Audet at the royal Company of Canada, finally by Regis Roy and Malchelosse. Don't forget that there were 4 soldiers nicknamed Lamontagne : François Dilay, company of Saint-Ours; Pierre Dupuis, company of Petit; Honore Martel, company of Berthier, François Bacquet, company of Monteil or Poitou.
François Bacquet, like his companions remained in News-France, was balanced during one year additional. Which was the use of its time into 1669 and 1670?... Did he joined the garrison of Quebec? Did he worked at the service of a farmer? We will never know it.
Anne Philippe was a girl protected by the king. Arrived at the country at summer 1671, she was initially committed to marry the Breton François Desbaupins, November 4 1671. But, another François presented himself to the future young person marries. The heart of the girl of Jacques Philippe and Anne Audiger, in spite of the serious of its 18 years, capsized. François Bacquet became his favourite. Nobody found a matrimonial convention authenticated between Anne and François. We know however that the future wife brought goods estimated at 300 pounds and a gift of the king of a value of 50.
November 24 1671, Anne, originating in Nogent-on-Seine, bishopric of Troyes, in Champagne, and Francois, of the archbishopric of Bordeaux, presented himself in front of the abbot Thomas Morel, priest missionnaire, to make bless their union. The act is registered in Quebec. The great soldier Olivier Morel of La Durantaye signs like witness with Michel Lecours, an inhabitant of Beauport.
Colonist in Saint-Michel.
October 29 1672, Talon officially conceded in seigniory to Olivier Morel of La Durantaye a territory located at Saint-Michel, today in the county of Bellechasse. The ler of May 1693 and May 7 1696, the civil authorities made additions to the property of the lord. The seigniory of La Durantaye extended on approximately 3 miles from face, side southern of the river, and on 4 miles of depth, between the seigniories of Berthier in the east and Beaumont in the west. On this territory, 2 parishes were created : Saint-Michel and Saint-Vallier.
One of the first colonists of Saint-Michel was François Bacquet. One can even wonder whether, into 1671 or at the beginning of 1672, the Lamontagne couple were not already occupied exploiting its plot, 6th according to the card of Catalonia made in 1709. It is known that several lords cultivate their seigniory often rather before obtaining their concession act. Wouldn't this be the case of Olivier Morel returned to the country in August 1670?
In any case, it is there that François and Anne lived all their Canadian life. October 20 1678, Anne Philippe is godmother of the last child of Nicolas Roy, Jean-Baptiste.
The census of 1681 teaches us that François Bacquet, 35 years, has in Saint-Michel 1 cow and 7 arpents of land in culture. Its first neighbor Pierre Balan, known as Lacombe, cultivates 2 of them; the second, Julien Boissy, known as LaGrillarde, husband of Francoise Grossejambe, has 13 arpents in exploitation, 5 animals with horn and 1 rifle.
Lastly, March 21, 1712, Olivier Morel conceded officially a land to François Bacquet. The plot had 3 arpents of face on the river with 40 arpents of depth. It was located between " the heirs of the defunt Patry and on the other side to François Rouleaux" Better late than never !
The Bacquet-Philippe Generation.
The families of French colonists were usually numerous. However, that of François Bacquet and Anne Philippe was below the average with only one girl and three boys: Marie-Anne, Francois, Pierre and Joseph. All were born in La Durantaye and accepted the baptism there, between 1678 and 1691.
December 4 1678, the abbot Thomas Morel baptized the eldest Marie-Anne, born on previous 23 November. The act was registered in Quebec. It says to us that André Patry and Marie Ducoudray, woman of François Grenet, were his godfather and godmother. Marie-Anne appears on the list of the patients of Hotel-Dieu of Quebec for a stay of one month and half on May 1 1693 and another input on July 24 1696 at the 13 years age. She did not leave any trace of her existence after this last mention.
Francois is the only one to transmit his patronym to the descent, he married Élisabeth Guénet, June 2, 1710, in La Durantaye. Her partner of life, girl of Pierre Guénet and Élisabeth Paquet, gave him 9 children to be loved. August 2, 1717, François received from his Joseph brother half of the paternal land, or 1 1/21/2 arpent of face. The priest JeanBaptiste Lacorne, October 18, 1744, chaired the funeral of Francois, first son of the ancestor. His wife had died since March 1734.
The register of Saint-Joseph de Lauzon has the memory of the baptismal certificate of Pierre Bacquet, celebrated on February 27 1687. The godfather Pierre Millet had bequeathed his first name to him. Pierre was hospitalized in the hotel-dieu of Québec, on November 30, 1708. He died, following 4 December, at the 20 years and 9 months age.
The junior Joseph, godson of Joseph Gregoire on October 13 1691, remained unmarried. November 7, 1736, he was buried in the cemetery of Saint-Michel.
Such is the too short history of the second Bacquet-Philippe generation.
Slope of the mountain
The life of François Bacquet and his wife bathes in an exemplary serenity, no esclandre, no quarrel, on the contrary, a peaceful and happy life in spite of the sacrifices inherent in the life of the pioneers dispersed on the edges of the St. Laurent river. The Great River, offered its fish; the banks, its birds; the forest, its varied game; new land, its ripe corns.
François Bacquet left the first. After having received the sacraments of penitence and extreme unction, he was buried in Quebec, April 10, 1701, in front of the witnesses Jean Dubreuil, inhabitant of the Orleans island, and Jacques Michelon, verger of the cathedral.
Anne Philippe, after more than 7 years of widowhood, was wed with François Marquet, a neighbor established in La Durantaye since many years. Widower of Marie Dain, Marquet had two girls : Francoise married on 1692, Catherine wife of Antoine Bourgeois since 1697. January 20, 1709, in Saint-Michel, Anne and François joined their loneliness. The new husband died the 1 March 1, 1715. The grandmother Anne Philippe died in her turn, two months later, the ler May. She was buried in the cemetery of the parish where she had lived the approximately 30 years.
Anne and François Bacquet had developed, together, a piece of our large country. Together, on the slope of the mountain, they had planted a stem which became a large tree.
Célébration du tricentenaire de l'arrivée de l'aïeul des Lamontagne le 17 octobre 1965.
Celebration of tercentenary of the arrival of the grandfather of Lamontagne on October 17, 1965. Because in 1665, certain François Bacquet dit Lamontagne, arrived to New-France with the regiment of Carignan, and is established, to the place says La Durantaye (today municipalities of Saint-Vallier, Saint-Michel, la Durantaye, etc), more than 500 Lamontagne met on October 17, 1965 around the old house of more than 150 years of Mr. Valère Lamontagne, in Saint-Michel, county of Bellechasse, to celebrate tercentenary arrival on the new continent, of this which constitutes in fact, their common grandfather.
All these people coming from all the areas of Quebec, of Ontario and even of New England, had as a common point to be named Lamontagne, and it was there a very strange spectacle to hear such Mr. Lamontagne, of Dolbeau, to present to Mrs. Lamontagne of Sillery, the last born one of Lamontagne of Saint-Eleuthère, county of Kamouraska).
But among these Lamontagne, whose majority did not know themself, it was one, the guest of honor, which all, even if they had never met him, were proud and happy to be able to count with the number of Lamontagne present.
The honourable Maurice Lamontagne, Secretary of State, were there indeed, and after he had revealed a plate-memory (on which one can read " Homage to François Bacquet, alias Lamontagne, his wife Anne Philippe and their descendants, 1665-1965 "), it remade the history of the family quickly, " where the legend and reality merge ":
It seems that the farest origin is in the Basque country(*), in borders of France and Spain, in the west of the Pyrenees. The Basques like to move, like to travel, like to make exploits. Also, when William the Conqueror, duke of Normandy, undertook into 1066 the conquest of England, its army counted several Bacquet dit Lamontagne, of which besides some made stock in England.
Others returned to Normandy, others still were fixed in the south-west of France, which was the case of the ancestors of François Bacquet who interests us, since it was born itself in the diocese from Bordeaux in 1636 (or in 1646...).
That which one is sure, however, it is that when the regiment of Carignan turned over to France on the command of the King, François Bacquet-Lamontagne was those which decided to remain in News-France, and to be made colonist there.
It is the captain de la Durantaye, him also in Canada, which gave François Bacquet a land on which this last was installed. In 1671, he married Anne Philippe, a " Girl of the King " originating in the area of Troyes, which gave him four children, of which three did not have any descent, but of which the fourth, on the other hand, was the father of ten children.
And the continuation is guessed by the presence of hundreds of their descendants. During the afternoon a mass of thanksgiving was celebrated in the church of Saint-Michel, while at seven hours all Lamontagne were found to take part in the family supper prepared in their honor, and finished this memorable day... whith dancing.
The Steering Committee of this celebration of tercentenary of the arrival of first Lamontagne in News-France, was made up in the following way :
- honorary president : hon. Maurice Lamontagne;
- chair : major Théo. Lamontagne;
- vice-president: Father Gustave Lamontagne, Marianiste;
- secretary-treasurer: Paul Lamontagne.
(*) Lamontjoie is in Aquitaine and not within the Basqu Country, but this area, from time immemorial provided many soldiers like the musketeers.
Nota Bene :
The Lamontagne nickname is used as alias by families of extremely different origin :
The Gascon François Bacquet, known as Lamontagne, that which these lines interest, does not have any family tie known with these Lamontagne.
- Noël Jérémie (1628-1697), sior of LaMontagne Born in Rheims, Claude and Helene Macart, it marries on January 29 1659, Jeanne Pelletier (1644-1715), girl of Nicolas and Jeanne de Vouzy. The couple, person in charge of a family of 14 members, lived initially in the area of Quebec, before being established in Batiscan. The descendants aro also nicknamed Douville, apparently.
- Honore Martel dit Lamontagne (1632-1710) Born in Paris, he married on 1668 in Quebec Marguerite Lamirault, he is the ancestor of Martel.
- François Banhiac dit Lamontagne (1641-1705) Born in Chantrezac (Angoumois), of Jean and Francoise Petit, he arrives at Quebec into 1665 as a soldier of the regiment of Carignan. He married into 1677 with Three-Rivers Marie-Madeleine Doyon then Marie-Angelica Furrier into 1685 in Louiseville where he died about 1705.
- Julien Laure dit Lamontagne (1654-1724) He married into 1674 in Royal Port (Acadie) Anne Girouard.
- François Desnoyer dits Lamontagne (1667-1718) He married into 1696 in Quebec Marie Perrault (1672-1703)
- Greffe Becquet, 4 novembre 167 1.
- Greffe Gaschet, 21 mars 1712; 2 août 1717.
- Dauzat, Albert, Dictionnaire étymologique des Noms et Prénoms de France ( 195 1), p. 24.
- Dumas, Silvio, Les Filles du Roi en Nouvelle-France ( 1972), p. 312.
- Jetté, René, Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles du Québec (1983), P. 39.
- Lafontaine, André, Recensement annoté de la Nouvelle-France 1681 (1986), p. 190.
- Lamontagne, André, C.Ss.R., Généalogie en ligne directe de Marie-Anne, Bertha, Philippe, etc. Lamontagne. Manuscrit.
- Marc-Antoine, O.F.M., St-Michel de la Durantaye (1929), p. 27.
- Roy, Léon, Les Premiers Colons de la Rive Sud du Saint-Laurent, de Berthier (en-bas) à Saint-Nicolas (1636-1738) (1984), p. 285.
- Roy, Régis & Gérard Malchelosse, Le Régiment de Carignan (1925). pp. 27,66,109.
- Talbot, Éloi-Gérard, Généalogie des familles originaires des comtés de Montmagny, l'Islet, Bellechasse, vol. 9, p. 93.
- Tanguay, Cyprien, Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles Canadiennes, vol. 1, pp. 20, 342, 413.
- Dictionnaire Biographique du Canada, vol. 1, pp. 567 - 569.
- Jugements et Délibérations du Conseil Souverain de la Nouvelle-France, vol. I (1885), p. 742. Olivier Morel avoue avoir donné verbalement a plusieurs particuliers des Concessions sur la dicte terre de la Durantaye.
- Mémoires de la Société Généalogique Canadienne-Française, vol. 3, p. 7 1; vol. 14, p. 230; vol. 16, pp. 242 - 243.
- Mémoires et Comptes rendus de la Société Royale du Canada, 3e série, vol. 16, Section I, 1922, pp. 129 - 14 1. Le Régiment de Carignan par Francis-J. Audet.
- Rapport de l'Archiviste de la Province de Québec, vol. 34-35, pp. 450451.
- Société de Généalogie de Québec, L'Ancêtre, vol. 8, pp. 69 - 102. Descendance de François Bacquet dit Lamontagne, par Albert Lamontagne.
In my quest, I have contact with many Bacquet Lamontagne, some of them had provide me some informations, I have given to some other. If you wish appear (or disappear) in this list of contacts, if you wish to add, change, or withdraw your email, write me. .
Jerry J271214411 London (Ontario) F Pierre et Louise I22584???? Varennes (Québec) F Donald J225E61111 Phoenix (Arizona) A Luc J2A1111121 Val Belair (Québec) F Michel I25A15212 F Claude et Christine J2561A72?? Montréal (Québec) F Nicole J226?????? Toronto (Ontario) A/F Pauline K25614636?? Sudbury (Ontario) A Robert J2A2136111 (Massachussets) A Mary-Ilène J25612A511 (Maine) A Marcel J2248D3211 St-Michel (Québec) F André I2248D311 Ottawa F/A André I27912512 Vancouver F/A Yvon J257352211 St-Constant (Québec) F Julie J25A158521 St-Elzéar de Beauce F
From time to time, Iwill send news to members of this list. Tell me whether you wish French or (vague) English.
You'll also find informations on the website :
genealogie LAMONTAGNE genealogy
Three indexes give you access to the lists of individuals and families, the index by place concern the death and birthplaces when they are known.
General index Index by Places Index by Names
References are indicated on the cards for which a direct line was established with François Bacquet says Lamontagne, they make it possible to determine where is located the individual in the downward line: - the first character is a letter which indicates the generation: With for the first generation (or root), B for the second, etc... - the following characters indicate the row of the child in the successive families leading to the individual: from 1 to 9 of the first child to the ninth, of A with... Z of the tenth to the thirty-fifth. It is an alternative of the classification known as from Aboville.
Among the 4080 people whom I listed, 2 of them are not linked to François BACQUET says LAMONTAGNE, I would be very glad to find the missing links, then help me
- Louis LAMONTAGNE (born circa 1860)
- husband of Belzémire PERREAULT 28 SEP 1863 in Québec St-Roch father of Albert LAMONTAGNE who marry 31 MAY 1904 Aldina MORIN in St-François-Xavier
- Napoléon LAMONTAGNE (born circa 1880)
- husband of Eugénie LAVOIE in Chicoutimi, father of
- Edouard LAMONTAGNE who marry 13 AUG 1930 Rose-Alma LAVOIE in SacréCoeur
- J.Henri LAMONTAGNE who marry 12 JAN 1932 Germaine BOULIANNE in St-Fr-Xavier
- Louis LAMONTAGNE who marry 27 SEP 1939 M-Paule GIRARD in SacréCoeur